Immediate past Service Chiefs yesterday in Abuja lamented their failure to address the problem of insecurity in the country when they were in charge for 66 months from November 2015 to January 2021.
This is even as the former Chief of Army Staff, COAS, Lt. Gen. Yusuf Tukur Buratai (rtd), declared that it may take Nigeria 20 years to end the Boko Haram insurgency
The former Service Chiefs -the Chief of Defence Staff, Gen. Abayomi Olonisakin; Chief of Army Staff, Lt. Gen. Tukur Buratai; Chief of Naval Staff, Vice Admiral Ibok-Ete Ibas; Chief of Sir Staff, Sir Abubakar Sadique and former Chief of Defence Intelligence, Air Vice Marshall Mohammed Sani Usman spoke when they appeared before the Senate Committee on Foreign Affairs for screening as non- carrer ambassadorial nominees.
According to General Olonisakin, the security challenges persist for long due to the over 1,000 forest reserves in the country which are not well managed and secured by respective state governments.
He added that the problem at hand requires well galvanized national approach for it to be surmounted since it is more of an asymmetric-cum-hybrid warfare as against the conventional ones that can easily be confronted and defeated.
“I want to say that the solution to insecurity is multi-pronged. We talk about conventional warfare and asymmetric warfare. We are talking about hybrid warfare where every one is involved.
“It is not about kinetics. Kinetics gives only 35 per cent success rate in any war we are fighting. It is a national approach that must be properly galvanized for us to actually surmount the insecurity.
“I will say three years ago, I conducted a research on the forests in the country. I realized we have over 1,000 forest reserves. I sent the team to Kenya. They went to Kenya and brought out a paper and I said then, three years ago that our next crisis will be in the forest.
“Some governors were invited and we told them because most of the forests are the prerogative of states. The states took over all the forest reserves. I told them that we have to protect the forests. We have to send troops to protect the forests.
“We did the research in 2018 for six months. I said that the next problem we are going to have is in the forests. But again, it is with us right now. It requires a multifaceted approach.
“Everyone has to come on board for us to be able to address the insecurity situation. You can never have enough weapons, personnel and so on but there there are issues we must address and then it has to be all about the nation.”
Also, Gen. Buratai declared during his turn for screening that the Boko Haram insurgency in the North East may last for 20 years.
He disclosed that through indoctrination, the Boko Haram insurgents are winning more and more communities to their side, aside the problem of ungovernable spaces in the area and infact , across the country.
“My state (Borno) is an epicentre, where this indoctrination has penetrated so deep. They (insurgents) have won the communities to their side. That is why they (communities) keep Boko Haram. So it is complex, it requires a whole of government approach to solve this, military action or activity is just one aspect.
“One mistake that we have been making is that only the military can solve this. It is not. There are political, social, economic aspects that need to be addressed.
“Development should be progressive, there should be road everywhere, there should be employment, schools, hospitals all over.
“Yesterday (Wednesday), I counted five local government areas in Borno State that do not have good access road to those places.
“In North West, North Central, there are so many ungovernable spaces, which the insurgents are penetrating. The places don’t have schools, hospital and so on and education is very fundamental.
“Unless these things are done, this insecurity will continue because
the truth must be told. It may take another 20 years for the country to surmount the problem of Insurgency and that is the truth, he stressed.
The story was not different when the former Chief of Air Staff, Sir Marshal Abubakar Sadique faced the committee, saying he did not inherit any aircraft to fight insurgency, but left 20 by the time he was leaving office.
Also, the former Intelligence Chief lamented over lack of synergy among the various security agencies as one of the reasons for the lingering security challenges the country is facing .
However, after the separate screening carried out on the five nominees, the chairman of the committee, Senator Adamu Muhammad Bulkachuwa (APC Bauchi North), said the committee will submit on the exercise to the Senate next week.
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